There are a great many easy to grow plants that you can introduce into your garden that will have the desired effect as far as attracting wildlife is concerned. One of the best to start with is Hedera Helix, a common English Ivy that is incredibly simple to grow and which quickly lays a green and durable foundation onto flat surfaces, covering unsightly fences and softening the profile of dominant outbuildings.
This evergreen ivy both attracts and protects insects and a wide variety of fruit bearing plants that entice thrushes and blackbirds. The tiny Jenny Wren is also a well known fan of the ivy, and likes to make its nests amongst the network of branches and stems. By turning your borders into replicates of natural hedgerows you will find that they both house and sustain a myriad of insects and also attract autumn starlings.
Most of the plants that produce edible berries encourage birds into the garden, but if you want a species that is more ornamental, go for the Callicarpa which boasts unusual purple berries that look as if they have been polished. The evergreen Pyracantha is another option, with its berries that range from yellow to orange and even red; their prickles make it a good choice to use as a boundary.
There are various ways of attracting other forms of wildlife, such as the Great Orme, or Hebe. This evergreen is covered in pretty pink flowers and releases a scent in the evening that attracts moths. As moths are a vital food source for bats, you will be supporting both the moth population as well as the bats. Verbena Bonariensis works in the same way, and both this and the Hebe act as magnets for butterflies and bees during daylight hours.
The most profound effect on attracting butterflies comes from the Buddleia, or Butterfly Bush, as our fluttery friends simply can’t get enough of it and this nectar rich, easy to grow shrub will be covered in butterflies during the summer.