The National Trust recently reported that unpredictable, unsettled and often chaotic weather signals a huge change in nature and presents huge challenges for wildlife. According to experts from the National Trust, varied kinds of insects and birds have been shown to struggle, compared to the seemingly better life for orchids and slugs all throughout Britain.
One of the National Trust’s Naturalist, Matthew Oates, stated that the year has been highly polarised, with wildlife either doing remarkably bad or incredibly well in looked after places. Generally, slugs and plants are the huge winners, while the insects are losing big. Surprisingly enough, some insects showed incredible resilience during the wet summer.
“Our wildlife, farmers, horticulturalists and rural tourism and recreation industries are all long overdue a good summer, having suffered poor ones since 2006.
“Surely we are due a good one next year?”
It was a spring of two halves with the warmest March since 1910 and the implementation of drought orders across England followed by the wettest April on record.
The April downpour had a detrimental impact on fruit harvests in the autumn as the spring rains washed away the blossom resulting in a very bad year for English apples across the board and autumn fruits and berries such as sloes and holly berries.
Another poor summer has hit British wildlife hard as it struggled to cope with the very wet conditions and a distinct lack of long dry summer days though some species have gone against the flow and thrived.
It was a bad summer for the insect pollinators and even those flowers that were pollinated have struggled to set fruit in the on-going wet weather with a knock on affect for birds and animals that depends on these crucial food sources.
Bees, butterflies and hoverflies suffered a set back this year because of the mixed weather becoming generally very scarce, though there were welcome exceptions in some places where the Chalkhill blue and dark-green fritillary did spectacularly well.
The good news for summer picnickers this year was that there were hardly any common wasps.
The one big winner in 2012 has been the slug with reports of a giant Spanish super slug invading our back gardens. One impact of the damp conditions has been rapid grass growth with a knock on effect for smaller plants (such as bastard toadflax) and insects including grasshoppers, which need warm bare ground pockets.
Orchids have also been big winners this year. They’ve had a fantastic year almost everywhere, with reports of stunning flowerings from all over England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
It’s been a very patchy breeding year for birds with many nests being abandoned due to bad weather and/or shortage of food, even in gardens. A lot of storm and flood destruction, to cliff nesting birds and birds that nest along riverbanks.
Mammals have also had a mixed year, with bats having an especially difficult time. Water mammals have also suffered greatly, with water vole holes and otter spraints (making recording difficult) being washed away in the heavy floods. Animal sanctuaries are now being inundated with underfed hedgehogs. Dormice also had a poor breeding season.
A more predictable autumn saw a quite late display of autumn colour as the leaves turned ahead of the winter months.